Spatial Dataset


Agriculture (oil palm)

Data Use Agreement

Documents, Field Survey, Spatial Intelligence



April 2022

August 2022

Every 4 months

12.8 GB


Smallholder farmers are a key part of the palm oil supply chain, making up around 41% and 20% of the oil palm planted areas in Indonesia and Malaysia, respectively. Growing demands to tackle palm oil production related to deforestation, peat conversion and other environmental issues such as illegal expansion require full visibility down to the level of plantation and farms, including those owned by smallholders and out-growers.

Our smallholder dataset offers unprecedented visibility on the presence and footprint of these supply chain  actors. The data can be used to inform corporate social responsibility (CSR) programs and landscape-level interventions, helping businesses to maximize the value of their programs for the local stakeholders efficiently. Our data can also be complemented with the global palm oil traceability dashboard to build a full picture of the entire supply chain.

Our smallholder dataset includes and recognizes the following stratifications:

• Indicative smallholders; the areas that are assessed as potentially owned and/or managed by independent smallholders
• Registered smallholders; the areas of independent smallholders that have been registered in the national land administration and possess appropriate land certificate(s).
• Confirmed smallholders; the areas owned by registered smallholders with confirmed identity (NIB/Business Identification Number or estate lot number).
• Traceable smallholders; the areas of independent smallholders that can be traced from their buyers.

As of March 2022, the dataset covers over 9 million hectares of indicative smallholder land globally. Of this, 4,5 million hectares has been registered, and 189,000 hectares is land where smallholder identity is confirmed with field insights.


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